1. Do your Research
First things first, understand the job and everything around it. The
right machine will depend on the task it needs to do. Also think about
the diversity of work — if it will be constantly switching between
tasks, you’ll want a tool carrier that makes light work of changing
attachments. If it uses a bucket all the time, you may want to consider a
Z-bar for optimum breakout force.
It’s important to consider how often the wheel loader will need to be transported. If the wheel loader is being moved by road, transport width of the machine and any attachments need to be considered — choosing an over-width option can create headaches if it’s frequently being used between sites. If you’re doing significant road travel or if the machine is working in different sections of a large site, the powershift transmission may be a better option.
2. Local Support
While many councils and waste facilities have their own workshops, an
appropriate level of support from your equipment partner is important.
Look for a supplier who will appoint an experienced person as your key
Your supplier should be able to provide parts quickly even if the dealer does not have them on hand or regularly in stock.
3. Choose Durability
Choose a wheel loader that are designed to protect hydraulic hoses
and other components, and consider other protective options like under
guards and light shields. This is especially important if your equipment
is used for site preparation work where it will have to move through
dense vegetation and constricted spaces.
Another consideration is matching the wheel loader with the right tyres for the job. This might mean choosing a deeper tread, a wider tyre or using a particular type of tyre fill.
4. Select your Bucket
Working out a daily production figure and the weight of materials will help when choosing the right bucket for the job. Determine daily production targets and material density. If you work with different materials, spec the bucket based on the heaviest material it will handle.
5. Invest in the Right Attachments
Amp up the versatility of the wheel loader by investing in some
loader-specific attachments — from all-purpose material handling buckets
to heavy rock buckets, pallet forks and grapples. To make the most of
your attachments and maximise productivity, ensure all machines you buy
have an automatic quick hitch.
Note that semi-automatic quick hitches are being phased out in NSW under a ruling from WorkCover NSW with other states likely to follow.
6. Focus on Breakout Force
Breakout force has a direct impact on productivity, as productivity increases with faster bucket fill rates. Wheel loader productivity is frequently measured in machine power (kW or Hp) and lift capacity. Optimum hydraulic performance improves cycle times for increased productivity.
7. Look at the Long Term
The purchase price is just the tip of the iceberg. To get real value you need to consider operational costs and resale value as well. Choosing a fuel-efficient machine, ideally one that can operate a full shift on one tank can mean big savings. You should also look for the latest in emissions management technology, to keep emissions down and meet community expectations. And don’t forget about resale value. A bargain buy is not a bargain if you can’t sell it when the time comes. Choosing a reputable brand is the surest way to secure resale value.